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Famine, women, and children…

It is accepted that the causes of hunger and malnutrition are not only 'food shortages', but basically inaccessibility to available food due to 'deep poverty.

One in seven people on the planet sleeps hungry, and 25,000 die every day from malnutrition and starvation-related diseases.

Famine and hunger are based on 'food insecurity, and this state of insecurity is based on gender inequality. Chronic food insecurity turns into a high degree of vulnerability to famine and hunger, and the most affected vulnerable group is again women and children.

In addition to epidemics, wars, and poverty, the spread of cholera, diphtheria-like diseases, and the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as the spread of new mutations, famine, drug exhaustion, and internal migration, increase the victimization and inequality of women and children day by day.

Women are more likely to live in homes with no food security than men, and food security is not balanced among different ethnic groups.

Due to poor quality and inadequate-unbalanced nutrition, life expectancy at birth is shortened, and when immunity is weakened, the state of health deteriorates; the education level gap among children is increasing (Power et al., 2020).

According to the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World report; The number of people suffering from hunger reached 690 million in 2019, according to the same report, the COVID-19 pandemic condemned 130 million more people to live with famine and chronic hunger as of the end of 2020.

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